The X-Shaped Designer
Introduced by Rooke&Torbert. 2005. Refined by Smith 2008.
• I-Shaped 36% of designers: 1 area of speciality.
• T-Shaped 30% of designers: Broad + Deep in 1 area.
• H-Shaped 11% of designers: 2 areas of speciality.
• X-Shaped 03% of designers: “Me” at the center.
Art, Science, Engineering, and Business.
Rooke, Torbert, and Smith define X-Shaped People
as loners and sociopaths.
Allege that X-shaped people are not a good fit for Western society!
[Harvard Business Review 2005, Interkannections 2008.]
Collaborative effort to "revive" the X-Shaped Designer:
T. Barker, S. Diamond, and S. Mann
Tinquiry and Praxistemology
Educational framework for Tree-Shaped Designers
Praxistemology = Praxis of Existential Technology: Self-determination, Authenticity, ...
Tinquiry = Tinkering as a form of Inquiry: Maktivism...
Grant proposals, ongoing collaboration, etc..