Expected date of Museum opening: September 12, 2000

Preferably this will be a travelling exhibit to be shown at the 
Smithsonian Museum in the United States, and the Science Museum
(e.g. Wellcome Wing, where WearComp was shown) in the U.K.
(10k secured for the budget to design and build 1 time; if good enough to
travel we could increase funding to make it travelable.)

Possible titles:

1. Eye am everywhere (Eye am everywear)
2. TV to go
3. Eye am a camera
4. Television goes out of the livingroom (and into the street, world, ...)
5. Eye on the run

Carpenter shop at CHUM City to build raised platform for approximately
twenty mannequins, in conjunction with in-house architects.  Previous
exhibits at the Stedelijk Museum of Modern Art in Amsterdam
(http://wearcam.org/stedelijk/ and http://wearcam.org/lvac/index.html
may be consulted as examples of how to lay out the exhibit).  The mannequins
will be in a central area, facing outwards, so that they can all be
viewed clearly, but the set will be designed to protect senstive small
artifacts from being damaged or stolen.  Accordingly, a raised central
"off limits" space would be preferable, wherein it could be viewed from

"Carp Shop" (Carpenters) to be notified that there is a project "coming
down the pipe".

As we move toward television through the Internet, the distinction between
analog and digital, and between standards such as NTSC (PAL or SECAM) and
VGA will disappear.  Thus if it has not come to pass already, it will
soon come to pass, that

a VGA computer display screen is as much a television
set as is a display screen that accepts an NTSC signal, or the like.

Mannequins are to be painted mid grey (photographic grey), wherein mid grey
is defined as reflecting 18% of the incident light regardless of wavelength
(e.g. the color of the standard video/photographic "grey card" used in the
television industry).  Mannequins are to be dressed in black clothing (black
cloth being symbolic of the photographic past and of the video camera which is
itself a descendant of the camera obscura).

Mannequins in a variety of poses are to be selected, suitable for emphasizing
the portable, mobile, and wearable nature of television in the modern age of
the nomadic.

Mannequins are to be secured to platform with standard butt rods, screwed to
the platform, and, additionally, both feet are to be firmly screwed to the

All items in the exhibit should be in working condition.
Preferably there would be detailed technical information about each piece.
An important aspect of the early days of television was the availability
of full schematics and full disclosure of the principles of operation of
the TV sets.  This was the "golden age" of television.

The common thread running through the exhibit is portability, not just in
transport, but in actual operation.  Accordingly, battery operation is an
important element in the selection of the pieces for the exhibit.

The exhibit will include the following pieces, which are either part of the
MZTV collection, part of the curator's own collection, or to be acquired
for the exhibit.  Pieces denoted "M" are already owned or acquired by MZTV.
Pieces denoted "C" are already owned or acquired by the curator (Prof.
Steve Mann).  Pieces denoted "A" are to be acquired from other sources.

Selection criteria are based on those pieces that show a key inventive step
with respect to the prior art of the era.  Thus, for example, we have the
world's first portable TV, the world's first battery powered TV, the world's
first wearable TV, and so on.

M: Suitcase TV (e.g. the 1947 Motorola suitcase TV) to exemplify an era
when television was uncommon enough that those who wanted to watch TV
on the go, would bring their own TV with them.
Related articles, such as Hallicrafters selectable picture size TV.
Radio-Electronics, March 1949, would also compliment this piece.
The suitcase is much more symbolic of travel than merely having a handle
on the top of the TV set, as was later seen on many televisions.

M: 1959 Philco Safari, solid state lightweight battery powered television.
The one inch CRT with magnifier made low power and therefore battery
operation practical.  A 7.5 volt rechargeable battery was housed within
the TV set, inserted in through the bottom.
This was the world's first battery operated televsion set.

M: 1965 SONY TV4-203UW; World's first wearoperable TV.
This battery powered TV had an antenna built into a
neckstrap so that it was wearoperable (could be worn while in use).
A four inch screen provided direct viewing without the need for a magnifier.
It ran on 12-13.5 volts from nine 1.5 volt "C" size batteries inserted into
the back of the set, or from a car battery; one of the optial
accessories was a car mount antenna.

M: 1972 Panasonic TR-001, Palm sized TV.

M: 1980, Clive Sinclair, World's first pocket TV.  2 inch CRT.  Originally
sold for $300 U.S..

C: 1981: World's first wearable computerized TV station.  1.5 inch cathode ray
tube running at 5000 volts.  6502 microprocessor.

A: 1982: World's first wristwatch TV (Seiko-Epson built a prototype wrist TV
in 1982) See: http://www.homestead.com/tropicalmontys/tvwatch.html
(a web site dedicated to Seiko's 1982 television watch).
SEIKO model RT01A Wrist-Watch TV Circa 1980,
Pulled from sales due to the high cost of $495.00 and poor performance.
LCD was not backlit (poor viewing by the ambient light).

C: 1985: The Wearable videographic/photographic apparatus of the 1970s and early
1980s gave rise to a new genre of photo/video in Toronto.  Following an exhibit
at Night Gallery, 185 Richmond Street, Toronto, in the Summer of 1985,
Cybernetic television was born and evolved into what would later become
the first Internet television station.

C: 1990: Sony WatchCAM, a portable television for CCTV use.
A unique reversed CRT directs an electron beam at a reflective rather than
transmissive phosphor screen, such that the viewer is looking at the tube
from the inside.  The result is a unique folded CRT design that is sleek
and slender.  For picture, see http://wearcam.org/mztv/watchcam.jpg

C: 1992: Virtual Vision manufactured a complete wearable battery operated
colour television system, including a wearable tuner connected to a 0.7
inch LCD screen in eyewear with a magnifying prism.  The innovative design
allowed the wearer to watch television while walking around.

C: 1992: N1NLF-TV, a complete wearable television production studio.
Online and connected, with wireless communication, the new photographic
videographic genre emerges.

C: 1994: World's first Internet television station (N1NLF-TV) goes on the
World Wide Web.  First roving Web reporter.  The complete wearable television
production studio transmits continuously to the World Wide Web, to define a new
genre of electronic newsgathering.

C: 1995: Virtual I/O wearable NTSC TV display intended for watching TV or
playing video games.

C: 1996: World's first covert eyeglass based television.
A fully functional colour TV set was concealed in ordinary looking eyeglasses.
The eyeglasses also contained a camera system, for use with a television
production studio concealed underneath ordinary clothing.  

C: 1997: ShootingBack, world's first documentary video on the Internet.
Sony to provide the playback equipment for a showing of this documentary,
and a showing of some of the early N1NLF-TV material.

C: 1997: stereo television for Virtual Reality systems.  Two miniature (1 inch)
CRTs, each operating at 13,000 volts, provide a high brightness image.
A field sequenced shutter alternately displays red, green, and blue images
to create a natural television image completely free of the pixel artifacts
that are commonly found on most colour television sets.  This television set,
the VR5, was sold commercially for around $20,000 U.S., by Virtual Research.

C: 1998: World's first fully functional wristwatch videoconferencing system,
later presented at ISSCC 2000 and featured on the cover of Linux Journal.

C: 1998: EyeTap television: eye itself functions as both a TV camera and TV.
from broadcast TV, to CCTV, to nearby tv, to zero distance TV, is it TV?
whether PAL, SECAM, NTSC, or VGA, is it still TV?
local station of the computer (Apple ][ TV...) to the eyecup viewfinder.

Additional pieces to be provided by curator:
=Collection of miniature Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) used for camera
 viewfinders, from Porta Pak to modern camcorders, to virtual reality, etc.
=Various other "Surveillance Situationist" pieces to be included as
 space and time permit, as per assessment of audience profile and expected
 level of audience sophistication.

Proposal, graphics, photos, etc., to be couriered to
299 Queen St. West, MZTV Museum, M5V 2Z5
care of Mike Adams
Mike Adams fax = 416.762-9504

Poster: please choose several of the below images for making the poster

A mid 1980s version of Mann's "WearComp" invention:

A 1970s version of the "WearComp" apparatus. Mann's early photographic inventions bear many similarities to current-day WearComp systems:

Various embodiments of "maybe camera", and "probably camera" explore issues of surveillance in society. This "ShootingBackPack" re-situates the ubiquitous but mysterious ceiling domes of wine-dark opacity in a disturbing and disorienting fashion by placing them upon the backs of otherwise vanquished (surveilled) individuals as instruments of personal empowerment and personal safety.

One of the pieces on display in the List Center

was also used in the week long performance piece I did at Ars Electronica, along with my invited plenary lecture in the Ars Electronica Symposium. The performance was called "Sicherheitsglaeser", and some images can be revisited at:
Shortly afterwards, the rig traveled (on my body) back to the United States, to ISEA:

Please Wait: A parody of the time thieves.

Excerpt from Prof. Mann's Keynote Address at the Virtual Reality Conference in Rio de Janiero, June 1-6, 1998

Time Crime

Your organization's time is very important to me, so

PLEASE WAIT for my next available moment!

I do not talk to strangers.

Therefore you must slide a government-issued ID card through the slot on my head if you want to talk to me.
These SAFETYGLASSES prevent me from seeing or hearing you until you identify yourself!
Until you provide positive ID, the camera and microphones on my head will not be connected to my head mounted display set.

Your time is very important to me, so please wait for my next available moment!

If you would like to try to sell me a new product, press 1.
If you would like to ask me to fill out a form, press 2.
If you would like to show me an advertisement, press 3, and slide your credit card through my slot to purchase my attention.

For quality-control and training purposes, this conversation may be recorded or monitored.
If you would like to inform me that photography is not permitted on your premises, press 9, and wait for my next available moment.

Your time is very important to me, so PLEASE WAIT, while I steal your time, your life, and your soul!

closeup view of wristwatch internet tv studio production screen

toplit only variations (only lightvectors from above):

excerpts from ISSCC 2000 conference where the invention was presented

ISSCC: 'Dick Tracy' watch watchers disagree

By Peter Clarke
EE Times
(02/08/00, 9:12 p.m. EST) 
   SAN FRANCISCO -- Panelists at a Monday evening (Feb. 7) panel session
   at the International Solid State Circuits Conference (ISSCC) here
   failed to agree on when the public will be able to buy a "Dick Tracy"
   style watch for Christmas, with estimates ranging from almost
   immediately to not within the next decade.
   Steve Mann, a professor at the University of Toronto, was hailed as
   the father of the wearable computer and the ISSCC's first virtual
   panelist, by moderator Woodward Yang of Harvard University (Cambridge


   Not surprisingly, Mann was generally upbeat at least about the
   technical possibilities of distributed body-worn computing, showing
   that he had already developed a combination wristwatch and imaging
   device that can send and receive video over short distances.

   Meanwhile, in the debate from the floor that followed the panel
   discussion, ideas were thrown up, such as shoes as a mobile phone --
   powered by the mechanical energy of walking, and using the Dick Tracy
   watch as the user interface -- and a more distributed model where
   spectacles are used to provide the visual interface; an ear piece to
   provide audio; and even clothing to provide a key-pad or display.

Evolution of Steve Mann's "WearComp" invention